Prof. Dr. Azlan ADNAN

Prof AzlanDr. Azlan bin Adnan is an Professor at the Structural and Material Department, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. Besides holding a position as the Research Head for a research group, “Structural Earthquake Engineering Research” or SEER, he is now attached to the Bureau of Innovation and Consultancy as the Deputy Dean in the Department of Consultancy. He was born in Kuala Lumpur and had a high school education from Victoria Institution, Kuala Lumpur. He pursued his B.Sc in Civil Engineering at California State University, Long Beach and his M.Sc in Structural Engineering at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). His Ph. D. degree was obtained through a joint program between UTM and Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago. Before joining UTM in 1989, Dr. Azlan Adnan had been working with several organizations in the government and private sectors for more than three years. He is a member of several international associations such as the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI) of United States and the Seismological Society of America (SSA). Since the setting up of SEER in 1998, the group has successfully obtained research funds for more than RM 4 million through the Ministry of Science, Technology, and Innovation (MOSTI) and Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) with 8 research projects. All projects funded are related to earthquake studies; namely,  “Development of Seismic Design Code for Malaysia”, “Development of Earthquake Hazard Reduction Material Using Steel and Natural Rubber”, “Bridge Conditional Rating Using Artificial Neural Network Considering Earthquake Effects”, and “Seismic Hazard and Risk Analysis for Malaysia”.

Disaster Management and Mitigation for Earthquakes: Are We Ready?

aftershocksAbstract – Earthquake is one of the most devastating natural disasters on earth. Earthquake effects can cover hundreds of thousands of square kilometers; cause damage to structures or infrastructures facilities, result in loss of life and injury to hundreds of thousands of people, and disrupt the social and economic functioning of the affected area. Usually the effects will rise significantly as results of increasing in population and structures or infrastructure facilities. Although it is impossible to prevent earthquake from occurring, it is possible to mitigate the effects and to reduce loss of life, injuries and damage. The worst earthquake disaster in the modern years occurred in North Sumatra at Banda Aceh. The great Sumatran earthquake occurred on the 26th December 2004, measuring at 9.3 on the Richter Scale, had created tsunami that killed 283,100 people from surrounding countries, including Malaysia with 68 people died. With this incidence, Malaysia need to be prepared to confront with such disasters, which not only originate from our country but also from countries near by. Beside tsunami, earthquakes can create many more disasters such as liquefaction, landslides, earth ruptures and most prominently ground vibration. The ground vibration can cause structural collapse, loss of lives and property damages. Research in the field of earthquake engineering is still required even in the country with low to moderate seismic activity level such as Malaysia. Lessons learned from the 1985 Mexican earthquake and the 1957 San Francisco earthquake phenomena have shown that earthquake can have significant effects although at longer distance due to long period component of shear waves. Hence, the earthquake engineering research is needed in order to predict the possibility of earthquake in the future that can cause damages to the buildings and structures as well as to find the solution for mitigating the effects. The researches done by the author involve investigation and solution of the problems created by damaging earthquakes. The research work covers the seismic hazard assessment, vulnerabiltiy and risk studies of structures and infrastructures, practical application of new innovative products for earthquake disaster solutions, such as new types of base isolators, dampers, sensors and intelligent system in monitoring and managing earthquake-resistant structures and facilities.