**SKEE 1012 Introduction to Electrical Engineering**

The course serves as a general introduction to electrical engineering programmes offered by the Faculty of Electrical Engineering (FKE), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). Students undertaking this course will be exposed to attributes of electrical engineers from both academic and practical points of view. Soft skills and knowledge that are necessary in the engineering world will be introduced to the students. The students will have a clearer understanding on the responsibilities of electrical engineers to the society. By exploring contemporary issues, the students would be able to suggest sustainable solutions to the mankind and its environment.

**SKEE1023 Circuit Theory**

The course introduces students to the basic laws, methods of analysis and theorems for direct current, DC and alternating current, AC circuit, such as, Ohms Law, Kirchhoff’s Current and Voltage Laws, Mesh and Nodal Analysis and Thevenin’s and Norton’s Theorems. Based on these, the students are expected to be able to solve for variables in any given DC and AC electric circuits. The course also provides the student with the basic understanding of operational amplifiers (op-amp) and how nodal analysis can be applied to various types of ideal op-amp circuits. With the knowledge learned, the student would be able to apply the basic laws, theorem and methods of analysis for solving completely with confidence various problems in circuit analysis.

**SKEE 1043 Circuits and Systems**

The course introduces students the relevant concepts in dc and ac circuits. Firstly, students are exposed to the steady-state electrical circuit. Afterwards, the relevant concepts in transient circuit analysis for first and second order circuit are taught to the students. The course is also equipped the students with necessary knowledge related to the ac power calculation and three phase circuits. At the end of the course, the student should be able to apply the theorems and concepts in order to solve and analyze engineering related problems in any given linear electric circuit.

**SKEE 1063 Electronics Devices**

First course in the field of electronics, consisting of basic electronic devices such as the diode, the bipolar junction transistor, and the field effect transistor. Course content will include the devices’ basic structure, biasing and basic applications. With the knowledge learned, the student would be able to apply the basic laws, theorem and methods of analysis for solving completely with confidence various basic biasing circuits using data sheet.

**SKEE 1223 Digital Electronics**

The course emphasizes on techniques to design, analyze, plan, and implement complex digital systems using programmable logic, with specific focus on programmable logic devices. In order to facilitate learning process, computer-aided design (CAD) software is used throughout the course. Some practical or almost actual environment problems and solutions are provided. With the knowledge learned, the student would be able to analyze the counter and register circuits completely with confidence and design synchronous counters.

**SKEE 2073 Signals & Systems**

The course introduces the students the fundamental ideas of signals and system analysis. The signal representations in both time and frequency domains and their effects on systems will be explored. Specifically, the topics covered in the course include basic properties of continuous-time and discrete-time signals, the processing of signals by linear time-invariant (LTI) systems, Fourier series, Fourier and Laplace transforms. Important concepts such as impulse response, frequency response and system transfer functions as well as techniques of filtering and filter design, modulation, and sampling, are discussed and illustrated. This course will serve as a central building block for students in studying information processing in many engineering fields such as control systems, digital signal processing, communications, circuit design, etc.

**SKEE 2133 Electronics Instrumentation & Measurement**

The course introduces students some of the metrological terminologies used in experimental methods, concept of metrology and its application. The course will also provide understanding the concept of standardization as the management system of standards and quality. The measurement technique for electrical quantity and analysis of the result according to ISO Guide will be introduced as well. It will examine transducers in order to gain an awareness of what they can do. Transducer operations, characteristic and functions will be discussed.

**SKEE 2253 Electronics Circuits**

The course introduces students to some major views and theories in amplifiers and its application. It will examine some key issues in basic definition, construction of analogue amplifiers, operational amplifiers and analogue system with special focus on analysis of transistor amplifiers through small signal equivalent circuits. The course will also provide practice in carrying out a computer simulation and modelling of the amplifier’s circuits using PSPICE or MultiSim software. At the end of the course, the students should be able to apply the theory and be familiar with the parameters and characteristics used to design BJT and FET amplifiers as well as describing operational amplifier performance and applications. Students should be able to recognize and categorize different feedback topologies and do simple analysis on them.

**SKEE 2263 Digital Systems**

The course is a continuation from basic digital logic techniques course. The objective of the course is to introduce students to basic techniques to design and implement complex digital systems. It emphasizes on techniques to design, analyze, plan, and implement complex digital systems using programmable logic, with specific focus on programmable logic devices. In order to facilitate learning process, computer-aided design (CAD) software is used throughout the course. Some practical or almost actual environment problems and solutions are provided.

**SKEE 2413 Basic Power & Electrical Machines**

The course introduces fundamental concepts of electric machines and power system. Students should be able to identify components of the system from the course and describe their basic operations from the course having electromagnetic and circuit concepts learned in previous fundamental courses. These fundamental concepts are further elaborated in applications of electric machines – transformers, direct current machines, synchronous machines and induction machines, and power system component modeling and analysis. At the end of the course, the students are expected to critically analyze the power system comprising of generation, transmission, and distribution components.

**SKEE 2523 Electromagnetic Field Theory**

The course introduces students to some major views and theories in the area of electrostatic, magnetostatic and electromagnetic fields. This elementary electromagnetic field theory is summarized in Maxwell’s equations for static and time varying fields in integral and differential forms, and also a time domain analysis of wave propagation.

**SKEE 2742 2nd Year Electronic Design Lab**

The course exposes the students to some common electrical components and measurement instruments that can be used in experiments on the electrical and electronic engineering. On the other hand, this teaching laboratory will provide the skill of using electronic devices and measurement instruments to the students. The lab consists of Digital Laboratory and Electrotechnique Laboratory. Experiments cover several topics of basic subjects of digital electronic and electrical engineering such as combinational logic circuits, MSI circuits, adder circuits, decoder circuit, comparator, counter designing, network theorems and resonant circuits.

**SKEE 3133 System Modelling & Analysis**

The course introduces the students to the fundamental ideas and definitions of control systems, open loop and close loop control systems, transfer functions, and transient and steady state responses. Students will be taught how to obtain mathematical models of actual physical systems such as electrical, mechanical, electromechanical and liquid level systems in the transfer function form. Methods of system representation such as block diagram representation and signal flow graphs will be examined. The students will also be exposed to techniques of analysing control systems performance and stability in time domain. Finally, an introduction to the design and analysis of control systems using MATLAB will be given.

**SKEE 3143 Control System Design**

The course begins with the root locus designs using root locus procedures and Matlab. Then, PID controller will be designed using root locus approach. The PID controller will be used to improve the transient and steady state performances in time domain using root locus approach. In frequency domain approach, Bode plot method will be utilised. The lead, lag and lead-lag compensators are introduced in improving the performance of the control system using the frequency domain approach. Finally, applications of control engineering in various fields will be studied.

**SKEE 3223 Microprocessor**

The course introduces the principles and applications of microprocessors. Topics emphasized are processor architecture, assembly and HLL language and fundamentals of interfacing in a microprocessor-based embedded system. This course emphasizes on the understanding the fundamentals of microprocessor operation, writing coherent and error-free assembly and HLL language programs, and designing basic interfacing circuits. With the knowledge learned, the student would be able to design microprocessor-based systems using assembly language and HLL programs completely with confidence.

**SKEE 3533 Communication Principles**

The course introduces the students the basic principles of communication system. The fundamental concepts of analogue modulation in particular amplitude and frequency modulations will be strongly emphasized. Topics include types of modulated waveforms, transmitter and receiver structures. The two most significant limitations on the performance of a communications system; bandwidth and noise will be discussed. The concept of sampling, quantization and line coding techniques in rendering an information signal to be compatible with a digital system are explained prior to the study of coded pulse modulation and pulse code modulation (PCM). The waveforms and spectral analysis of bandpass digital modulations are introduced. The system performance in terms of bit error rate (BER) will also be covered. Finally, multiplexing, a method to utilize the communication resource efficiently is studied where two techniques will be explored; time-division and frequency-division multiplexing.

**SKEE 3732 Common 3rd Year Laboratory**

The purpose of this course is to provide students with practical experience in the use of equipment, experimental data analysis, and to develop basic skill in laboratory report writing. At least 10 experiments from participating third year laboratories such as Control, Basic Communications, Instrumentation, Microprocessor, and Industrial Electronics. The students will also be exposed to the common electrical engineering equipment and measurement techniques. At the end of the course students should be able to develop skills in report writing, improve their communication skills and know how to work in a team.

**SKEE 3742 Specialized 3rd Year Laboratory**

The purpose of this course is to provide students with practical experience in the use of equipment, experimental data analysis, and to develop basic skill in laboratory report writing. The students will be exposed to the common electrical engineering equipment and measurement techniques. At least 10 experiments from participating third year laboratories such as Basic Power, Basic Machine, Microprocessor and Industrial Electronic. At the end of the course students should be able to develop skills in report writing, improve their communication skills and know how to work in a team.

**SKEE 4012 Professional Engineering Practice**

The purpose of this course is to introduce and expose students to the concepts, theories and the practice of Professional Engineer. With the knowledge learned, the student would be able to apply the principles to real world situations.

**SKEE 4423 Power System Engineering**

The course is designed to introduce the per-unit modelling of power system and symmetrical fault analysis; necessary concept and the application of power system protection; and circuit breaker in power system. At the end of the course, the students are expected understand the general concept of power system fault, transducer, protection system and circuit breaker; and able to formulate and perform calculation related to overcurrent relay setting, fuses size, distance protection setting and differential protection setting.

**SKEE 4433 Power Electronics & Drives**

The course introduces students to the fundamentals of power electronics, which include power semiconductor switches, rectifier (AC-DC), choppers (DC-DC), and inverters (DC-AC). Emphasis will be on the power converter operations and analysis of their steady state performances. The course also exposes students to some basic converters design and the selection of suitable converters for certain application. In addition the course covers the operation and selection of converters for DC and AC drive systems. At the end of the course student should be able to critically design power converters at given specification using application software.

**SKEE 4443 Power System Analysis**

The course introduces students to the applications of power system analysis of a practical power system. Topics include: load flow analysis, symmetrical three-phase faults, symmetrical components, unsymmetrical faults, technical treatment of the general problem of power system stability and its relevance. At the end of the course students are expected to apply the analysis concept in solving the real power system problems.

**SKEE 4453 Power System Control**

The course introduces students to the control and operation of a power system and high voltage direct current (HVDC) system. It will discuss the basic principle of SCADA system and its application in power industry, the economic operation of power system under regulated/deregulated environment. The discussion focuses on the control strategies that can be used to generate and deliver power economically and reliably to the power system customers. The course will further discuss on the load frequency control and voltage reactive power control. The course will also introduce the basic operation of converters in HVDC system. At the end of the course, the students are expected to apply the analysis concepts in the operation of power system and HVDC system.

**SKEE 4463 High Voltage Technology**

High voltage engineering is an important area in power system. The students will be exposed to the concept and theory of insulation breakdown. Key principles of high voltage technology and insulation coordination as well as insulation testing (including high voltage generators) are also covered. Lightning overvoltages due to the naturally occurring atmospheric phenomenon are a nuisance to the network and will be discussed along with switching surges. Various types of electrical discharges, some of which are used for condition monitoring applications, are also discussed. The student is expected to be able to communicate effectively as well as to design selected high voltage components and subsystems.

**SKEE 4613 High Voltage Testing & Calibration**

In this course, the students will be exposed to the needs of testing and calibration, especially in the power system industry. Students will be introduced to concepts and theories related to high voltage and high current generation and measurement. Testing techniques related to transformers, cables and switchgears are explained, along with the calibration methods of high voltage meters and high current clamp meters. Students are also explained on matters that concern the quality of testing and calibration activity such as the traceability and uncertainty of a measurement. At the end of the course, students should be able to understand the importance, techniques involved, setting up and proper conduct of high voltage testing and calibration along with the estimation of measurement uncertainty and reporting the testing result.

**SKEE 4633 Electrical Machines**

The course is an extension of the basic power and electric machine course, exclusively offered for the electrical engineering students. The course provides the fundamentals of electric machines, which are synchronous machines, induction machines and DC machines. The course begins with electromechanical energy conversion. Next, students are introduced to principle of operations, constructions and some analysis on steady state performance of the electric machines. The course also introduces special motors and their applications, which includes single-phase induction motors, stepper motors, switch reluctance machines and universal motors. At the end of the course student should be able to perform steady state analysis of electric machines and apply their knowledge to real world applications.

**SKEE 4643 Control & Design of Power Electronics System**

The course covers the knowledge on how to model power electronics converters and design its controller parameters. The course starts with a brief explanation on basic operation of power electronics converters and the necessity of having a feedback control in the system. For controller design, a recap on control theory i.e. open-loop system, closed-loop, phase margin, gain margin and bandwidth will be carried out. Conventional Proportional-Integral (PI) controller design under voltage mode control (VCM) and current mode control (CCM) strategies will be conducted. The course will also introduce the student on the design issues/constraints that may be faced in designing the power converters.

**SKEE 4653 Photovoltaic & Wind Energy System**

The course covers the fundamental knowledge on two popular renewable energy systems, namely photovoltaic (PV) and wind energy systems. A brief introduction will be given on the renewable sources of energy. In photovoltaic energy system, the characteristic of PV generation will be described. It follows with the integration of PV array with power electronic converters for energy harvesting. In addition to that, maximum power point tracking which acts as a controller to the PV system will be reviewed. Then, several examples of PV energy system design will be discussed. The PV systems include stand-alone and grid-connected system. At the second stage of the course, wind energy system will be introduced. The general classification of wind turbines, function of generators and speed control of wind turbine will be discussed. Then, the typically used topologies of wind energy system will be described. In this course, students will be introduced with academic service learning which students will pay visit to local schools to share their knowledge on PV energy systems. It will be a fun learning process where students can also contribute back to the community on what they have learned. At the end of the course, the student should be able to understand the fundamental operation and control of PV and wind energy systems.

**SKEE 4663 Electricity for Sustainable Energy**

The course is designed to give an overview of various types of energy resources, with an emphasis on electrical energy system as well as understanding of energy demand, impact on environment, energy sustainability and energy management measures. Students would identify various energy resources, demand side management (DSM) options, energy audit strategies and energy efficiency measures. Students would be exposed to design an energy supply system and justify the best choice based on cost benefit analysis by using appropriate software. At the end of the course students are expected to be able to apply and critically evaluate energy resources potential and demand side management options.

**SKEE 4673 Electrical Energy Market**

The course introduces the students to the concept of competitive Electrical energy market models. At the beginning of the course, the student will learn the difference between the old monopoly electricity market model and the new competitive electricity market model including the advantage and disadvantages of each model. Then the students will learn some of the electricity market models existed in the world in which emphasis will be given on Pool Market and Bilateral Market Model. Some of the technical issues arisen from the deregulated/competitive electricity market will also be covered in this course.

**SKEE 4683 Power System Design & Operation**

This course embodies the basic principles and objectives of fundamentals of power system analysis. The aim is to instil confidence and apply the basic concepts of power system for further study and practice of electric power engineering. The course also provide an in-depth understanding of the way the entire electricity network is build, i.e. from generation, then onto transmission and finally onto the distribution network. At the end of the course, the student should be able to apply the theorems and concepts in power system design and operation. Upon completion of the course, the students would easily fit into the industry having acquired the knowledge.